Aging, Antioxidant-Enhancement, and Modified Atmospheric Packaging Improves Appearance of Dark-Cutting Beef
ObjectivesColor is the most crucial component of a consumer’s decision when purchasing beef. Due to their dark appearance, dark-cutters will be discounted at the packing facility. Improving the appearance can increase the value of dark-cutting beef resulting in a greater profit for producers and retailers. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of wet-aging, antioxidant-enhancement, and modified atmospheric packaging on color of dark-cutting beef during simulated retail display.Materials and MethodsNo-roll dark cutting (pH > 6.0) strip loins (n = 12) and 10 USDA choice (pH range 5.45 to 5.55) strip loins (IMPS #180) were randomly selected from a commercial purveyor within 3 d post-harvest. Dark cutting loins were sectioned into 2 equal sections and assigned to 1 of 3 aging periods 7, 14, and 21 d, then cut into 3 equal sections and assigned to 1 of 3 treatments, control, 0.1% rosemary, and 0.2% rosemary. Choice loins were sectioned into 3 equal sections and randomly assigned to respective aging periods. Following aging, loins assigned to rosemary enhancement treatments were enhanced to 110% their green weight with a solution consisting of deionized water and 1.1% or 2.2% oleoresin rosemary (Kalsec Herbalox). Following aging and enhancement, sections were sliced into 1.9-cm steaks and assigned to 1 of 3 packaging treatments; high-oxygen modified atmospheric packaging (HiOx-MAP; 80% O2 and 20% CO2), carbon-monoxide (CO-MAP; 0.4% CO, 69.6% N, and 30% CO2) and polyvinyl chloride overwrap (PVC; 20% O2). Steaks were on display under continuous fluorescent lighting for 5 d. The surface color was measured utilizing a HunterLab Miniscan XE Plus spectrophotometer each day of display. Lipid oxidation was determined on 0 and 5 d of display utilizing the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) assay. Data were analyzed using the Mixed Procedure of SAS (SAS Inst. Inc., Cary, NC) and values were considered significant at P < 0.05. The experiment was replicated 8 times (n = 8).ResultsThe combination of aging, modified atmospheric packaging, and antioxidant-enhancement improved (P < 0.05) redness (a* values) and lightness (L* values) of dark-cutting beef compared with control dark-cutting beef. HiOx-MAP packaging was the most effective (P < 0.05) in improving surface color compared with CO-MAP and PVC packaging.ConclusionThe results indicate that the combination of post-harvest technologies such as aging, antioxidant enhancement and packaging has potential to improve surface color and value of dark-cutting beef.
Keywords: Aging, antioxidant, dark-cutter, enhancement, modified atmospheric packaging
How to Cite:
Ramanathan, R. & Wills, K. & Mitacek, R. & Pfeiffer, M. & Mafi, G. & VanOverbeke, D. & Jaroni, D., (2019) “Aging, Antioxidant-Enhancement, and Modified Atmospheric Packaging Improves Appearance of Dark-Cutting Beef”, Meat and Muscle Biology 1(3). doi: https://doi.org/10.221751/rmc2017.139