Reciprocal Meat Conference Abstracts

Validation of Organic Acid Interventions in Chicken Thighs to Reduce Salmonella under Simulated Commercial Processing Conditions

  • A. Ramirez (Texas Tech University)
  • M. X. Sánchez (Texas Tech University)
  • M. Brashears (Texas Tech University)


ObjectivesThe objective of this study was to validate the efficacy of organic acid formulations to reduce Salmonella in chicken parts to comply with the FSIS-USDA performance standards for Salmonella prevalence.Materials and MethodsVarying concentrations and processing solution temperatures were evaluated to determine the best efficacy. Commercially processed chicken thighs (skin-on and skin-off) were used. Chicken parts (n = 1,080) were inoculated with a 5-strains Salmonella cocktail, including: Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076, Salmonella Typhimurium 14028, Salmonella Typhimurium 13311, Salmonella Heidelberg 3347–1 and a wild-type Salmonella strain. Samples were submersed into a 106 CFU/ml of a cocktail mixture for 30 s and then placed onto racks to allow for bacterial attachment for 20 min. All acid interventions, lactic acid prepared at 2.84 and 5.11%, lactic acid and citric acid prepared at 2.0 and 2.5%, buffered lactic acid prepared at 3.25 and 5.85%, and peracetic acid at 200 ppm and 400 ppm, were applied for 15 s in an industry equivalent CHAD spray cabinet at three different temperatures of 70, 100, and 130°F. An untreated control was examined after application and attachment of the bacterial cocktail, and a water spray treatment was also included. In addition, chicken parts were subjected to color analytical analysis (n = 216), and pH of chicken rinsate was measured after intervention. After treatment, samples were diluted and plated onto XLD overlaid with TSA for bacterial enumeration. All data (bacterial counts converted to log colony- forming units per sample) were reported as least squares means. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA followed by Dunnett’s multiple comparisons using GraphPad Prism version 6 Trial Statistical software.ResultsResults indicated that 5.11% lactic acid (0.682 log reduction, 77%) and 5.85% buffered lactic acids (0.731 log reduction, 80%) achieved significant reductions (P > 0.05) in Salmonella in chicken thighs compared to the control samples, and may be effective antimicrobial interventions in poultry part applications. There were not significant differences (P > 0.05) between the skin-on and skin-off samples among acid and temperature treatments. Moreover, acid treatments do not affect color parameters (CIE-L*ab) in inoculated chicken parts.ConclusionFurther investigations should be conducted with chicken parts to evaluate multiple applications and their effect to achieve significant reduction in Salmonella spp. loads.

Keywords: salmonella, chicken parts, organic acids

How to Cite:

Ramirez, A., Sánchez, M. X. & Brashears, M., (2018) “Validation of Organic Acid Interventions in Chicken Thighs to Reduce Salmonella under Simulated Commercial Processing Conditions”, Meat and Muscle Biology 1(2). doi:



Published on
01 Sep 2018
Peer Reviewed