Reciprocal Meat Conference Abstracts

Salmonella Presence in Mandibular, Mesenteric, and Subiliac Lymph Nodes Collected from Sheep and Goats in the U.S.

Authors
  • K. E. Hanlon (Texas Tech University)
  • M. F. Miller (Texas Tech University)
  • L. M. Guillen (Texas Tech University)
  • M. M. Brashears (Texas Tech University)

Abstract

ObjectivesTo survey the presence of Salmonella harbored within lymph nodes of sheep and goats in the United States.Materials and MethodsMandibular, mesenteric and subiliac lymph nodes were collected from 125 sheep and 130 goat carcasses at harvest. Samples were collected at small abattoirs (n = 578; 1 to 30 animals/d) and large (n = 183; 800 to 1,000 animals/d) facilities in California, New Mexico and Texas over a 2-yr period.Lymph nodes were trimmed from fat and fascia, boiled, pulverized and enriched in Tryptone Soy Broth (TSB). Enrichments were subjected to standard immunomagnetic separation (IMS) procedures for Salmonella, selective enrichment in Rappaport-Vassiliadis (RV) broth, and plating onto Xylose Lysine Desoxycholate (XLD) and Brilliant Green Sulfa (BGS) agars. Typical colonies from either medium were latex-agglutinated. A Chi-square test was performed via PROC FREQ on SAS (version 9.4; SAS Inst. Inc., Cary, NC) to compare the frequency of Salmonella by species and lymph node type. Significance was detected at P ≤ 0.05.ResultsIn sheep, Salmonella was detected in 4.0% (5/125) of mandibular, 7.2% (9/125) of mesenteric, and 1.9% (7/125) of subiliac lymph nodes, with no significant difference among lymph node types. In goats, significant differences among lymph node types were detected with Salmonella present in 1.6% (2/128) of mandibular, 3.1% (4/129) of mesenteric and 7.8% (10/129) of subiliac lymph nodes (P = 0.035). Overall Salmonella detection in the combined species was 2.8% in mandibular lymph nodes (n = 253), 5.1% in mesenteric lymph nodes (n = 254) and 6.7% in subiliac lymph nodes (n = 254). Salmonella presence differed significantly by month of collection, with the highest frequency of detection in March (12.36%), and no Salmonella detected in April or November (P < 0.0001). Thirty animals (11 goats, 19 sheep) were found to have 1 or more Salmonella-positive lymph nodes.ConclusionOur data indicate that Salmonella is harbored within the lymph nodes of small ruminants. Further studies are needed to further assess seasonal and geographical effects on the prevalence of this pathogen in sheep and goats, and the potential influence of production practices on Salmonella contamination in ovine and caprine food products.

Keywords: lamb, salmonella, lymph node, goat, mesenteric, mandibular, subiliac, sheep

How to Cite:

Hanlon, K. E., Miller, M. F., Guillen, L. M. & Brashears, M. M., (2018) “Salmonella Presence in Mandibular, Mesenteric, and Subiliac Lymph Nodes Collected from Sheep and Goats in the U.S.”, Meat and Muscle Biology 1(2). doi: https://doi.org/10.221751/rmc2016.111

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Published on
31 Aug 2018
Peer Reviewed