Food Safety

Analysis of National Animal Health Monitoring System Tonsil Samples for Presence of ail-bearing Yersinia enterocolitica by using a 5´ Nuclease Fluorogenic PCR (TaqMan) Assay

Authors
  • Laura Byl (United States Department of Agriculture)
  • Irene V. Wesley (United States Department of Agriculture)

Abstract

The fluorogenic 5′ nuclease polymerase chain reaction (TaqMan) assay, which was developed in this laboratory, was further optimized and used to screen hogs for Yersinia enterocolitica (4). Tonsil samples (n = 1,647) collected during the National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS) Swine 2001 program were tested for the presence of the ail gene, which is present in virulent Y. enterocolitca. Tonsil swabs were collected on farms (n = 101) located in Arkansas, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas and Wisconsin. Of the 1,647 tonsil samples, 11.4% (n = 188) were positive.

Keywords: ASL R1789

How to Cite:

Byl, L. & Wesley, I. V., (2002) “Analysis of National Animal Health Monitoring System Tonsil Samples for Presence of ail-bearing Yersinia enterocolitica by using a 5´ Nuclease Fluorogenic PCR (TaqMan) Assay”, Iowa State University Animal Industry Report 1(1).

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Published on
01 Jan 2002
Peer Reviewed