Management Economics

Comparison of Olfactometry, Gas Chromatography, and Electronic Nose Technology for Measurement of Indoor Air from Swine Facilities

Authors
  • A. K. Gralapp (Iowa State University)
  • W. J. Powers (Iowa State University)
  • Dwaine S. Bundy (Iowa State University)

Abstract

Indoor air from swine finishing facilities was analyzed by olfactometry, gas chromatography (GC), and an electronic nose. Olfactometry used dynamic dilution triangular forced-choice. Air samples collected in Tedlar bags were analyzed using an AromaScan A32S electronic nose. Sixteen compounds, primarily nonsulfur protein metabolites were quantified by GC/mass spectrometry (MS) and an equation was generated to predict odor dilution threshold (R2 < .3). Electronic nose evaluation of room air samples was not strongly correlated to olfactometry measures (r < .2). However, the equation developed from the GC/MS analyses was capable of predicting the electronic nose response to air samples (R2 > .8).

The results suggest that human panelist responses may be based on detection of compounds that were not included in GC/MS quantification procedures and are not well detected by the electronic nose.

Keywords: ASL R683

How to Cite:

Gralapp, A. K., Powers, W. J. & Bundy, D. S., (2001) “Comparison of Olfactometry, Gas Chromatography, and Electronic Nose Technology for Measurement of Indoor Air from Swine Facilities”, Iowa State University Animal Industry Report 1(1).

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Published on
01 Jan 2001
Peer Reviewed