Health

Campylobacter spp. and Yersinia enterocolitica in Growing Pigs in Iowa and North Carolina: A Pilot Study

Authors
  • Irene V. Wesley (United States Department of Agriculture)
  • James McKean (Iowa State University)
  • Paa Turkson (North Carolina State University)
  • Peter Davies (North Carolina State University)
  • Scott Johnson (United States Department of Agriculture)
  • Terry Proescholdt (Iowa State University)
  • George W. Beran (Iowa State University)

Abstract

The prevalence of Campylobacter spp. and Yersinia enterocolitica was determined in cohorts of growing pigs on eight swine farms in Iowa and North Carolina. Approximately 60 pigs from each site were periodically sampled from the nursery to slaughter. Both all in/all out and continuous flow production systems were monitored. Overall, when results from the two states are combined, Campylobacter coli was found in the nursery (90%), grower (92.8%) and finisher (90.9%) stages. At slaughter, C. coli was detected overall on 17.1% of carcasses. For Iowa, 83% of ileocaecal lymph nodes yielded Campylobacter. In contrast, Y. enterocolitica was not found in either rectal or tonsilar swabs or in carcass swabs collected from Iowa hogs. Y. enterocolitica was detected in 8.8% (5 of 57) of North Carolina hogs sampled on one occasion; no isolations were made from carcass swabs at slaughter.

Keywords: ASL R1604

How to Cite:

Wesley, I. V., McKean, J., Turkson, P., Davies, P., Johnson, S., Proescholdt, T. & Beran, G. W., (1999) “Campylobacter spp. and Yersinia enterocolitica in Growing Pigs in Iowa and North Carolina: A Pilot Study”, Iowa State University Animal Industry Report 1(1).

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Published on
01 Jan 1999
Peer Reviewed