Meat

Comparison of Round and Square Cores in the Determination of Beef Tenderness by Warner- Bratzler and Instron

Authors
  • Rebecca L. Thiel (Iowa State University)
  • Janis M. Brownlee (Armour Swift-Eckrich)
  • F. C. Parrish (Iowa State University)

Abstract

Seven rib-eye rolls, lip on (112A), were each cut into eight 2.54 centimeter thick steaks starting from the blade end. Steaks were randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups; 1) round versus square cores using Instron [inst1], 2) round versus square cores using Warner- Bratzler [inst2], 3) Instron versus Warner-Bratzler using round cores [rdsq1], and 4) Instron versus Warner- Bratzler using square cores [rdsq2]. Subsequently, steaks from each group were broiled in a General Electric industrial broiler grill to an internal temperature of 63 §C. Steaks were held overnight at 2 §C. Two steaks from each rib were placed into each instrument/core treatment group. Steaks were then divided into three sections identified as: a) lateral, b) medial, and c) central. Three 1.27 centimeter cores from each section were taken from each steak for a total of nine cores per steak and sheared once through the center. The results indicated that there was a significant difference ( p> .05) between round and square cores for both Warner- Bratzler and Instron. In all mean groups tested, square cores had higher shear values than did round cores. There was no indication of differences between instruments, and no significant interactions between instruments and core types.

Keywords: ASL R1463

How to Cite:

Thiel, R. L., Brownlee, J. M. & Parrish, F. C., (1998) “Comparison of Round and Square Cores in the Determination of Beef Tenderness by Warner- Bratzler and Instron”, Iowa State University Animal Industry Report 1(1).

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Published on
01 Jan 1998
Peer Reviewed