Swine

Identification of Genomic Regions Associated With Lactation Performance in Yorkshire Sows

Authors
  • Dinesh M. Thekkoot (Iowa State University)
  • Bob Kemp (Genesus, Inc.)
  • Max F. Rothschild (Iowa State University)
  • Graham Plastow (University of Alberta)
  • Jack C. M. Dekkers (Iowa State University)

Abstract

Lactation is an economically important phase in the lifecycle of sows, and events that happen during that period have a big impact on longevity of the sow and therefore profitability of the operation. The difficulty in collecting accurate phenotypes that are required to assess lactation performance, and the inability to evaluate longevity of sows in nucleus herds, highlight the importance of using genomic tools to examine the underlying genetics of these traits. The goal of this project was to conduct genome wide association studies (GWAS) of traits related to lactation in Yorkshire sows using 60k SNP marker information. A 1 Mb region on chromosome 2 (SCC2), which showed strong evidence of linkage disequilibrium, explained around 50% of genetic variation for total weaning weight of litter and litter weight gain for sows in parity 2 and also affected parity 3 phenotypes. These results are extremely encouraging and may be useful in marker assisted or genomic selection to improve lactation performance, especially litter weaning weight of sows in parity 2 and higher.

Keywords: Animal Science

How to Cite:

Thekkoot, D. M., Kemp, B., Rothschild, M. F., Plastow, G. & Dekkers, J. C., (2014) “Identification of Genomic Regions Associated With Lactation Performance in Yorkshire Sows”, Iowa State University Animal Industry Report 11(1). doi: https://doi.org/10.31274/ans_air-180814-1202

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Published on
01 Jan 2014
Peer Reviewed