Swine

Genome Wide Association Studies for Residual Feed Intake Traits in Pigs

Authors
  • Suneel Onteru (Iowa State University)
  • Danielle Gorbach (Iowa State University)
  • Jennifer M. Young orcid logo (Iowa State University)
  • Dorian J. Garrick (Iowa State University)
  • Jack C.M. Dekkers (Iowa State University)
  • Max F. Rothschild (Iowa State University)

Abstract

Residual feed intake (RFI), a measure of feed efficiency, is the difference between observed feed intake and the expected feed requirements computed based ongrowth and maintenance of the pig. Efficient animals with low RFI can be selected at an early age with genetic markers. Hence, the present study in 1400 pigs used several statistical methods to find the associations between more than 50,000 genetic markers and RFI, and its related traits such as average daily feed intake (ADFI), average daily gain (ADG), back fat (BF) and loin muscle area (LMA). Associations were observed for a combination of genetic markers on chromosomal regions containing insulin release genes (e.g., GLP1R, CDKAL, SGMS1) with RFI and ADFI, energy balance (e.g., MC4R, PGM1, GPR81) and muscle growth related genes (e.g., TGFB1) with ADG, fat related genes (e.g., ACOXL, AEBP1) with BF and skeletal muscle development genes (e.g., KLHL31) with LMA. Overall, these studies identified important chromosomal regions for further scrutiny to consider them for selection of pigs for RFI and its related traits.

Keywords: Swine Feed Efficiency, ASL R2816

How to Cite:

Onteru, S., Gorbach, D., Young, J. M., Garrick, D. J., Dekkers, J. C. & Rothschild, M. F., (2013) “Genome Wide Association Studies for Residual Feed Intake Traits in Pigs”, Iowa State University Animal Industry Report 10(1). doi: https://doi.org/10.31274/ans_air-180814-1220

Downloads:
Download pdf

226 Views

73 Downloads

Published on
01 Jan 2013
Peer Reviewed