Animal Products

Effects of Aging Time and Natural Antioxidants on the Quality of Irradiated Ground Beef

  • Hesham Ismail (Iowa State University)
  • Eun Joo Lee (Iowa State University)
  • KyungYuk Ko (Iowa State University)
  • Dong U. Ahn (Iowa State University)


Beef rounds aged for one, two, or three weeks after slaughtering were ground added with 0.05% ascorbic acid + 0.01% α-tocopherol or 0.05% ascorbic acid + 0.01% α- tocopherol + 0.01% sesamol, placed on Styrofoam trays and wrapped with oxygen permeable plastic film, and treated with electron beam irradiation at 0 or 2.5 kGy. The meat samples were displayed under fluorescent light for 7 d at 4° C. Color, lipid oxidation, and volatiles were determined at 0, 3, and 7 d of storage. Irradiation increased lipid oxidation of ground beef regardless of their aging time and storage period. As aging time increased lipid oxidation increased. Adding sesamol increased the effectiveness of ascorbate and tocopherol combination in reducing lipid oxidation especially as aging and storage time increased. The redness of beef were decreased by irradiation and adding ascorbic acid and α-tocopherol before irradiation was effective in maintaining the redness of irradiated ground beef over the storage period. Volatile aldehydes increased only in irradiated control beef. Antioxidant treatments were effective in reducing aldehydes in ground beef during storage.

Keywords: ASL R2390

How to Cite:

Ismail, H., Lee, E. J., Ko, K. & Ahn, D. U., (2009) “Effects of Aging Time and Natural Antioxidants on the Quality of Irradiated Ground Beef”, Iowa State University Animal Industry Report 6(1). doi:

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Published on
01 Jan 2009
Peer Reviewed