Animal Products

Control of Listeria monocytogenes on No-Nitrate-or-Nitrite-Added (Natural or Organic) Frankfurters

  • Kohl D. Schrader (Iowa State University)
  • Joseph C. Cordray (Iowa State University)
  • Joseph G. Sebranek (Iowa State University)
  • James S. Dickson (Iowa State University)
  • Aubrey F. Mendonca (Iowa State University)


The growth of Listeria monocytogenes on 8 brands of commercially available uncured, no-nitrate-or-nitrite-added frankfurters was evaluated over a 35 d sampling period. In addition, traditionally-cured controls, containing sodium nitrite, lactates and diacetates, were selected to compare typical L. monocytogenes inhibition throughout a accelerated inoculation challenge study. No-nitrate-ornitrite-added brands exhibited a decreased lag time and shorter generation time for initiation of growth, resulting in a greater population of L. monocytogenes when compared to the sodium nitrite, sodium lactate/diacetate controls. Frankfurters manufactured without the direct addition of nitrate or nitrite, are at an increased risk for L. monocytogenes.

Keywords: ASL R2386

How to Cite:

Schrader, K. D., Cordray, J. C., Sebranek, J. G., Dickson, J. S. & Mendonca, A. F., (2009) “Control of Listeria monocytogenes on No-Nitrate-or-Nitrite-Added (Natural or Organic) Frankfurters”, Iowa State University Animal Industry Report 6(1). doi:

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Published on
01 Jan 2009
Peer Reviewed