Articles

Comparison of Steel Fibers and Transverse Steel Reinforcement for Shear Capacity in Reinforced Ultra High Performance Concrete Beams

Authors
  • Timothy Frank (U.S. Air Force Academy)
  • Peter Amaddio (U.S. Air Force Academy)
  • Elizabeth Decko (U.S. Air Force Academy)
  • Darcy Farrell (U.S. Air Force Academy)
  • Cole Landes (U.S. Air Force Academy)
  • Alexis Tri (U.S. Air Force Academy)

Abstract

Ultra high performance concrete (UHPC) is a class of cementitious composites comprised of a mortar mix containing a relatively large percentage of cement and short, randomly disbursed fibers. Its high strength and ability to maintain narrow crack widths lend the material to a wide range of applications. When reinforced with deformed steel bars, proper care in design is required to make efficient use of both the longitudinal steel in tension and fracture toughness in compression. Recent studies have shown that a high reinforcement ratio combined with a low fiber volume fraction leads to increased ductility and a favorable, gradual failure path. The objective of this research is to study the response of steel reinforced UHPC beams (R/UHPC) with a high shear demand from both a high reinforcement ratio (above 3%) and low shear span-to-depth ratio (near two). Four small scale R/UHPC beams were experimentally tested. Transverse steel reinforcement ratio and fiber volume fraction were varied. Experimental results support recent recommendations in the literature suggesting a high steel reinforcement ratio leads to a gradual failure path where the steel bars strain harden after crack localization. Additionally, results indicate that R/UHPC response varies between beams designed to rely on transverse steel for the majority of their shear capacity and beams designed for steel fibers to be the predominant source of shear capacity.

Keywords: reinforced ultra high performance concrete beams, shear, fiber volume fraction, transverse steel

How to Cite:

Frank, T., Amaddio, P., Decko, E., Farrell, D., Landes, C. & Tri, A., (2023) “Comparison of Steel Fibers and Transverse Steel Reinforcement for Shear Capacity in Reinforced Ultra High Performance Concrete Beams”, International Interactive Symposium on Ultra-High Performance Concrete 3(1): 47. doi: https://doi.org/10.21838/uhpc.16670

Rights: © 2023 The Author(s). All rights reserved.

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Published on
04 Jun 2023
Peer Reviewed