Reciprocal Meat Conference Abstracts

Shiga-Toxin Producing Escherichia Coli and Salmonella Spp. Prevalence on Sheep Hides Collected Throughout the Harvesting Chain in Various Honduran Slaughter Facilities

Authors
  • S. Forgey (Texas Tech University)
  • A. K. Englishbey (Texas Tech University)
  • D. E. Casas (Texas Tech University)
  • S. P. Jackson (Texas Tech University)
  • M. M. Miller (Texas Tech University)
  • M. Brashears (Texas Tech University)

Abstract

ObjectivesThis objective of this study was to create a baseline of STEC O157:H7, non-O157:H7, and Salmonella spp. prevalence observed on Honduran sheep hides.Materials and MethodsSample collection from 68 sheep in Honduran slaughter facilities was performed aseptically, with pre-hydrated, sterile sponge swabs from 100 cm2 section of the brisket-foreshank region on the hide immediately following exsanguination. Microbial detection of presumptive STEC serogroups and Salmonella spp. was performed using the BAX Real-Time PCR system. Presumptive positive STEC serogroups were confirmed through latex agglutination. Additionally, presumptive positive Salmonella spp. was confirmed using both, latex agglutination and Real-Time PCR.ResultsShiga-Toxin producing Escherichia coli was observed on 24 out of 68 hides. Serogroups detected on hides included; O26, O45, O145, and O157. Moreover, serogroups O26 and O45 were the most prevalent with 54.17 and 41.67%, respectively. However, only one isolate was detected for serogroups O157 and O145. Furthermore, zero presumptive positive STEC isolates contained O103, O111, or O121 serogroups. Additionally, Salmonella spp. was 20.58% less prevalent on hides than STEC. From the observed baseline contamination prevalence of STEC and Salmonella spp. on sheep hides in Honduras, additional critical control points, standard operating procedures, and antimicrobial interventions should be implemented to regulate initial pathogen prevalence. Therefore, proper sanitation and hygiene throughout the harvesting chain should be implemented to reduce and mitigate STEC and Salmonella spp. contamination on hides.ConclusionImplementation of sanitary measures while de-hiding the animal will reduce pathogen contamination from hides to sheep carcasses. Overall, STEC and Salmonella spp. prevalence on hides need to have microbial interventions implemented, therefore, creating a safer and more wholesome product for consumers.

Keywords: salmonella, Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli

How to Cite:

Forgey, S., Englishbey, A. K., Casas, D. E., Jackson, S. P., Miller, M. M. & Brashears, M., (2018) “Shiga-Toxin Producing Escherichia Coli and Salmonella Spp. Prevalence on Sheep Hides Collected Throughout the Harvesting Chain in Various Honduran Slaughter Facilities”, Meat and Muscle Biology 2(2). doi: https://doi.org/10.221751/rmc2018.140

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Published on
31 Mar 2018
Peer Reviewed