Articles

Comparison and Analysis of Flexibility for Cutlery Made from Biobased/Biodegradable and Petrochemical Materials

Authors
  • Robert John Demmer (Danfoss Power Solutions)
  • Steve Devlin (University of Missouri–Columbia)
  • W. Robert Stephenson (Iowa State University)
  • David Grewell (Iowa State University)

Abstract

Biorenewable plastics can have the potential to reduce pollution, demand on landfills, and dependence on foreign petroleum caused by petroleum-based plastics. To determine the performance of biobased utensils compared to petrochemical based utensils, this study investigated 13 bio-based/biorenewable utensils and six petrochemical utensils in terms of weight, stiffness, and specific stiffness (stiffness/weight ratio). The Commercial Item Description (CID), which was created by the U.S. Government via the General Services Administration (GSA), is the current standard for testing utensils. The biobased products selected for this study were “commercial or industrial products (other than food or feed) that are composed, in whole, or in significant part, of biological products, renewable agricultural materials (including plant, animal, and marine materials), or forestry materials.” (USDA Bio Preferred Program, 2012). The results of this study show that the majority of biobased products exhibited similar strength and deflection under a given load as petrochemical products. This is the first comparison of this kind and it will allow designers and manufacturers to further optimize their products.

Keywords: biorenewable plastics|biobased products|biobased/biorenewable cutlery

How to Cite:

Demmer, R. J. & Devlin, S. & Stephenson, W. R. & Grewell, D., (2017) “Comparison and Analysis of Flexibility for Cutlery Made from Biobased/Biodegradable and Petrochemical Materials”, The Journal of Technology, Management, and Applied Engineering 33(1).

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Published on
01 Jan 2017
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