Since Donald Trump took the office of President of the United States in 2017, international student enrollments have declined at U.S. colleges due to the “Trump Effect.” Anti-immigration rhetoric, personal safety threats, legal stress, and shifting requirements for both students and colleges means potential losses of billions of dollars in revenue and fewer degrees awarded by U.S. colleges. The loss of revenue aside, less diverse student bodies, fewer visiting scholars, and less international travel caused ripple effects throughout the global higher education landscape. This literature review explores the Trump effect, alternative explanations to the Trump effect, and suggests future research directions.
Keywords: internationalization, international students, college enrollment, Higher Education, Trump
How to Cite:
Hacker, N. L. & Bellmore, E., (2020) ““The Trump Effect”: How Does it Impact International Student Enrollment in U.S. Colleges?”, Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis 10(1). doi: https://doi.org/10.31274/jctp.11588