Armstrong Memorial Research and Demonstration Farm

Effect of Phosphorus Fertilizer Broadcast in Fall or Spring on Yields of No-Till Corn and Soybean

Authors: Antonio P. Mallarino (Iowa State University) , Jeff Butler (Iowa State University) , Bernard J. Havlovic (Iowa State University)

  • Effect of Phosphorus Fertilizer Broadcast in Fall or Spring on Yields of No-Till Corn and Soybean

    Armstrong Memorial Research and Demonstration Farm

    Effect of Phosphorus Fertilizer Broadcast in Fall or Spring on Yields of No-Till Corn and Soybean

    Authors: , ,

Abstract

A three-year study was conducted to evaluate the efficiency of fall or spring broadcast phosphorus (P) fertilization for no-till corn and soybean. Some believe broadcast fertilization is a less efficient placement method than banding for no-till because P tends to accumulate at or near the soil surface. However, long-term research has shown no difference between band and broadcast P fertilizer placement methods for no-till or chisel-plow tillage, even with significant stratification of soil-test P. One possible explanation for this result is that broadcast P was always applied in the fall. Such application date in advance to planting the crops could provide sufficient time for fertilizer granules or dissolved P movement below the residue cover as a result of rain, freezing and thawing, and/or macrofauna activity. Therefore, this study was planned to test this hypothesis by comparing broadcast fertilization in fall and spring for no-till corn and soybean.

Keywords: Agronomy

How to Cite:

Mallarino, A. P. & Butler, J. & Havlovic, B. J., (2008) “Effect of Phosphorus Fertilizer Broadcast in Fall or Spring on Yields of No-Till Corn and Soybean”, Iowa State University Research and Demonstration Farms Progress Reports 2007(1).

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Published on
01 Jan 2008
Peer Reviewed