Forage Utilization

Evaluation of Stockpiled Berseem Clover and Brown Midrib Sorghum x Sudangrass as Supplements for Grazed Cornstalks in Beef Cow Wintering Systems

Authors
  • James R. Russell (Iowa State University)
  • Matthew A. Hersom (Iowa State University)
  • Jodi Western (Iowa State University)
  • Kenneth J. Moore (Iowa State University)
  • Robert Kalton (Iowa State University)
  • Rod Berryman (Iowa State University)

Abstract

Berseem clover and oats were incorporated into a corncorn- oat/berseem clover rotation in 1994 and 1995. Two cuttings of oat-berseem clover hay were harvested during the summer before forage was allowed to stockpile for winter grazing. In 1995, a brown midrib sorghum x sudangrass hybrid was seeded into a field adjacent to a corn field. After corn grain harvest in 1994 and 1995, Charolais x Angus x Simmental cows in midgestation were allotted to replicated fields containing corn crop residues with no complementary forages at 2.5 acres/cow, or corn crop residues and stockpiled berseem clover (2:1) at 2.5 acres/cow to simultaneously graze, or to a drylot. In 1995, cows were allotted to fields containing corn crop residues and brown midrib sorghum x sudangrass (7:3) at 2.5 acres/cow. Berseem clover had greater concentrations of digestible organic matter and crude protein than corn crop residues at the initiation of grazing, but had a more rapid decrease in digestible organic matter concentration than corn crop residues. Brown midrib sorghum x sudangrass forage also had a higher initial concentration of digestible organic matter, but an equal rate of decrease in digestible organic matter concentration to corn crop residues in ungrazed areas of the field. Cows grazing berseem clover with corn crop residues had greater body condition score increases during the first half of the grazing season than cows grazing corn crop residues without complementary forages. Cows grazing corn crop residues without complementary forages required 2,786 and 1,412 less lb hay per cow than cows maintained in a drylot in 1994 and 1995. In 1994, simultaneous grazing of berseem clover with corn crop residues did not reduce hay feeding more than feeding corn crop residues alone. However, in 1995, grazing berseem clover or brown midrib sorghum x sudangrass with corn crop residues reduced the amount of hay required to maintain cows by 358 and 376 lb hay per cow compared with grazing corn crop residues without complementary forage.

Keywords: ASL R1458

How to Cite:

Russell, J. R., Hersom, M. A., Western, J., Moore, K. J., Kalton, R. & Berryman, R., (1998) “Evaluation of Stockpiled Berseem Clover and Brown Midrib Sorghum x Sudangrass as Supplements for Grazed Cornstalks in Beef Cow Wintering Systems”, Iowa State University Animal Industry Report 1(1).

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Published on
01 Jan 1998
Peer Reviewed