Influence of Steel Fiber Size and Shape on Quasi-Static Mechanical Properties and Dynamic Impact Properties of Ultra-High Performance Concrete
This investigation focused on identifying the impact of various steel fiber types on the mechanical response of an ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) known as Cor-Tuf (CT). CT specimens were fabricated with four steel fiber types: hooked-end 3D 55/30 BG fibers, undulated NYCON type V fibers, straight brass coated OL 10mm fibers, and straight brass coated OL 6mm fibers. Fiber shape and size had a limited impact on quasi-static properties in compression but had a significant impact on quasi-static tensile properties and dynamic penetration resistance. The use of smaller fibers resulted in up to a 100 percent increase in component/test article tensile strength compared with their larger fiber size counterparts. However, the benefits offered by the smaller fibers primarily occurred prior to reaching the ultimate load carrying capacity. Once the ultimate strength was reached, larger fibers were more effective at bridging larger cracks. Smaller fibers provided improved penetration resistance, with reduced residual projectile velocities and loss of material from cratering and/or spallation. The overall goal of the study was to identify the relationships between fiber characteristics and the multi-strain rate response of UHPCs in order to better optimize fiber reinforcement for various loading conditions.
Keywords: steel fiber reinforcement, impact behavior, mechanical testing
How to Cite:
Williams, B. A., Green, B. H., Scott, D. A., O'Daniel, J. L., Moser, R. D. & Long, W. R., (2016) “Influence of Steel Fiber Size and Shape on Quasi-Static Mechanical Properties and Dynamic Impact Properties of Ultra-High Performance Concrete”, International Interactive Symposium on Ultra-High Performance Concrete 1(1). doi: https://doi.org/10.21838/uhpc.2016.74