Authors: Shweta L. Reddy (Texas Christian University) , Marsha A. Dickson (University of Delaware)
Homeworkers are workers that undertake work from a home-based location (their private residence) usually using their own resources (such as sewing equipment, electricity). In apparel export industry, homeworkers perform labor-intensive processes such as knotting, trimming, embroidery work. These labor-intensive processes are not mechanized. The homeworkers typically perform these labor-intensive tasks for a subcontractor and not directly for a manufacturer. The phenomenon of subcontracting work outside of the ordinary apparel manufacturing structure creates many informal jobs. These informal work arrangements put the workers in a disadvantageous position compared to the formalized labor arrangement. These informal work arrangements (or labor relations) give subcontractors an unfair advantage. Subcontractors using these workers on a temporary basis provides the subcontractor and manufacturer maximum flexibility, reduced costs and lower risks but lacks any guarantee of labor rights to the homeworkers. This study utilizes problem-based learning (PBL) to provide understanding of the topic and engages in learning through solving complex, real-world problems. The use of problem-based learning (PBL) helped to determine relevant solutions for the problems observed in the study.
Keywords: social responsibility, Homeworkers
How to Cite: Reddy, S. L. & Dickson, M. A. (2020) “Understanding the Complex Issues Related to Homeworkers in the Global Apparel Supply Chain”, Sustainability in Fashion. 1(1). doi: https://doi.org/10.31274/susfashion.11535None