Design and Product Development

3D bodies to flat pattens: A comparison of techniques

  • Lewis Campbell (Cornell University)
  • Kelly Delp (Cornell University)
  • Fatma Baytar (Cornell University)


Current mass production techniques prioritize efficiency over fit. Production chooses to grade sizes from a selection of fit models rather than use the customer’s body to develop patterns, a limitation that leads to insufficient fit (Krzywinski & Siegmund, 2017). Customer dissatisfaction with garment fit was exacerbated over the Covid-19 pandemic, as online shopping became normalized and reduced the ability to try on garments in-store (Bae 2022). The advent of 3D body scans and CAD software enables the exploration of the question - can we efficiently make flat patterns from three-dimensional (3D) surfaces (i.e., body)? 

Keywords: Flattening, 3D, Patternmaking, Apparel Fit, Made-to-Measure

How to Cite:

Campbell, L., Delp, K. & Baytar, F., (2024) “3D bodies to flat pattens: A comparison of techniques”, International Textile and Apparel Association Annual Conference Proceedings 80(1). doi:



Published on
27 Jan 2024
Peer Reviewed