Design and Product Development

Compensating for Bias Shift

  • Sherry Schofield (Florida State University)
  • Anne Marie Eveline Bissonnette (University of Alberta)


Digital textile printing offers wide creative potential.  As designers continue to engineer prints and strive for reduced material waste, one method is printing and designing using the fabric bias, as it provides performance opportunities that are not available when cutting the fabric on grain.  However, that same elasticity provides difficulties when working with engineered prints as they distort in both the horizontal and vertical directions when printed on the bias.  Therefore, the goal of this project was to observe print distortion ratios on bias garments, to determine corrections that can be made to the image prior to printing that will result in correct image proportions after printing and garment creation. The results of this project showed that a 5% compensation ratio, in both the vertical and horizontal direction, was the most appropriate dimensional change required when printing an image on the bias for the silk twill used for this project.

Keywords: Bias, Digital Printing

How to Cite:

Schofield, S. & Bissonnette, A. M., (2024) “Compensating for Bias Shift”, International Textile and Apparel Association Annual Conference Proceedings 80(1). doi:



Published on
23 Jan 2024
Peer Reviewed