Design and Product Development

Assessment of User Democratization in 2D to 3D Garment Assemblage

  • Lida Aflatoony (Colorado State University)
  • Li Zhao (University of Missouri)
  • Kerri McBee-Black (University of Missouri)


Studying the previous literature, which considered user involvement in the apparel design and construction process, revealed the gap between users’ skills and the task in a do-it-yourself task designed for them. Further, studies have shown that women attract a source of happiness and a positive sense of well-being by sewing their clothing. However, according to a recent study, only around 12% of Americans know how to tailor clothing. Although these users represent regular consumers because most consumers don’t have this basic household task, very few studies have investigated the relationship between users with limited or no skill in apparel production and their feelings toward completing a transformable garment without requiring any garment construction techniques. Therefore, this study aims to obtain the non-skilled users’ points of view and preferences regarding the transformable design strategy to empower them to contribute to the final garment assembly.

Keywords: Transformable Garment, Design Democratization, Participatory Design, Sustainability

How to Cite:

Aflatoony, L., Zhao, L. & McBee-Black, K., (2024) “Assessment of User Democratization in 2D to 3D Garment Assemblage”, International Textile and Apparel Association Annual Conference Proceedings 80(1). doi:



Published on
20 Jan 2024
Peer Reviewed