Creative Design: Professional

Modular Illusion

  • Chanjuan Chen (University of North Texas)


The purpose for this design is to explore modular design with 3D printing technology using a fused deposition modeling (FDM) printer with flexible thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) materials. Through modifying the modular unit, the design could easily be transformed to provide a bigger section of coverage for any long or loose designs. In addition, the integration of 3D printing technology into modular design allows for easy configuration and editing of designs while increasing the module design’s durability. The 3D printed module’s interlocking ability can stay functional over numerous actions of connecting/disconnecting. The 3D printed modular units are stronger than common fabric units. The outcome achieved the goals of creating a loose modular design with 3D printing technology using an FDM printer with flexible TPU materials. This piece adds knowledge to the existing body of work regarding transformability in modular design with the use of 3D printing technology with flexible material.

Keywords: 3D printing, module, transformation, optical illusion

How to Cite:

Chen, C., (2022) “Modular Illusion”, International Textile and Apparel Association Annual Conference Proceedings 79(1). doi:

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Published on
31 Dec 2022
Peer Reviewed